Diabetes is a chronic disease caused due to the malfunctioning of the pancreas. Diabetes can effect people at any age – from an infant to a mature adult. In the earlier times, diabetes was also called sweet urine and was diagnosed as a disease which leads to muscle loss.
Pancreas makes insulin, a hormone which is like a strict jailer who keeps the glucose level under control. After food when the sugar level in the body shoots up, pancreas releases insulin to bring the sugar level under control immediately. But when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin or when the produced insulin is insufficient to control or normalise the glucose level in blood, it leads to hyperglycemia – increased glucose levels in blood i.e diabetes.
Following is list of some warnings signs of diabetes-
● Frequent urination: When the glucose in the blood exceeds its normal and healthy level due to the malfunctioning of the pancreas, the glucose spills into the urine. Due to this frequent urination occurs which leads to the glucose being flushed out of our bodies leading to dehydration.
● Excessive thirst: Since the body gets dehydrated due to frequent urination, the need for water to rehydrate the body sends the water requirement shooting up. One of the most common feature is extreme thirst due to dried and parched throat.
● Weight loss : Insulin is an anabolic hormone which helps store carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the body. Due to insufficient insulin production or the absence of it, the body starts losing weight and the muscles as the body cannot store nutrition in the form of carbs, fats and proteins. This comes to the fore as visible weight loss of the body
● Excessive appetite : An abnormal increase in appetite leads to a person eating much more than his or her normal diet. Yet the body continues to loose weight. This sign cannot be missed and should be immediately told to the doctor.
● Infections: Diabetic people are prone to infections of skin, the bladder and the vaginal areas
● Impaired vision: Excessive fluctuations of the sugar level leads to impaired eyesight and if this goes untreated can lead to a person into the stage of coma.
Other signs include weakness, sweating, delayed healing of wounds etc.
For a layman to know that diabetes is knocking at the door is usually difficult as the symptoms do not appear in the early stage. Some symptoms are common but they also occur otherwise! So the best way to know your diabetes status is to check blood sugar regularly!!
Diabetes can be kept under control if a srtict routine of diet and exercise is maintained. Being chronic in nature, it is not curable. As such before one starts showing any signs of this disease it would be for everone’s good to start watching what goes on your plate and how much are you physically exercising your body.