Urinary Tract Infection in women, Urinary tract infections (UTI) are caused by bacteria overcoming the body’s defences in the urinary tract. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than men as the opening of urinary tract (urethra) is shorter in women and bacteria can reach urinary bladder easily.

UTIs often result when urine pools in the bladder, making bacteria to grow. Other causes include poor hygiene, sexual activity, use of catheters, kidney stones, and a lack of estrogens in the lining of a woman’s vagina (estrogens helps protect against UTIs).

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Urinary Tract Infection in women, Symptoms

UTI don’t always cause signs and symptoms, but when they do they may include:

  • A strong, persistent urge to urinate
  • A burning sensation while urinating
  • Passing frequent, small amounts of urine
  • Cloudy urine, red, bright pink or cola-colour urine
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Pelvic pain (In women especially in the centre of the pelvis and around the area of the pubic bone)

Tips for prevention of UTI

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  1. Urinate when you need to. Don’t go without urinating for longer than 3-4 hours.
  2. Clean the anus and the outer lips of your genitals every day.
  3. Don’t use feminine sprays.
  4. Urinate after sexual intercourse to flush bacteria.
  5. Don’t use birth control creams.
  6. Wear underpants of cotton. Avoid tight-fitting pants and change wet bathing suits and workout clothes quickly.
  7. Take showers instead of baths,or limit baths to 30 minutes or less.
  8. Drink 9-10 glasses of water each day.

Dietary Guidelines:

UTI is common. Knowing what to eat and drink can go long way toward preventing these infections.

  1. Foods and drinks high in antioxidants can help. Include dark chocolates, unsweetened probiotic yogurt (contains “good” bacteria that keep bad bacteria away) tomatoes, broccoli and spinach.
  2. DON’T eat a lot of acidic fruit, such as oranges, lemons or limes during UTI because they irritate the bladder. However, once your infection has subsided, eating acidic fruits (vitamin C) help prevent future infections.
  3. DON’T eat spicy food. It irritates the bladder.
  4. DON’T drink coffee, alcohol or caffeine until the infection is gone. 
  5. DO eat blueberries and cranberries which keep bacteria from sticking to the lining of UT.
  6. DO eat more-
    1. Yogurt
    2. Kefir – Probiotic drink
    3. Sauerkraut 
    4. Tempeh – Soybean product
    5. Kimchi – Korean side dish
    6. Miso – Japanese seasoning
    7. Kombucha –  green / black tea drink
    8. Buttermilk 
    9. Cheese – Gouda, mozzarella, cheddar and cottage cheese