India is called to be the diabetes capital of the world. WithIndiahaving the highest number of diabetic patients in the world, this disease is posing enormous health problem in the country. Diabetes is a disease that can affect anybody in the family be it parent, siblings or any other family member. But proper resources and education can help everyone to adjust their life with Diabetes. If you have Diabetes it is important to learn how to manage it.
Here are top 10 Diabetes facts that every individual should be aware of:
- More than 346 million people have diabetes worldwide. There is an emerging global epidemic of Diabetes which can be traced from increase in obesity, physical inactivity.Asian population is affected five times more with Diabetes than white population.
- Diabetes is predicted to become the seventh leading cause of death by the year 2030. Total deaths from Diabetes are projected to increase by almost 50% in next 10 years. There are no early symptoms of Diabetes and hence it is called as Silent Killer. The only most easily seen is excessive thirst.
- There are two main types of Diabetes. Type I Diabetes is characterized by lack of Insulin production in the body. Type II Diabetes results from body’s ineffective use of Insulin.
- Type II Diabetes is much more common than Type I Diabetes. Type II diabetes accounts for about 90% to 95% of all the diabetes worldwide.
- Reports of Type II Diabetes in children – previously rare- have increased worldwide. In some countries nearly half of the newly diagnosed diabetics are Children and adolescents.
- The third type of Diabetes is Gestational Diabetes. It is characterized by increase in blood glucose level or hyperglycaemia which is first recognized during Pregnancy.
- Cardiovascular disease is responsible for about 50% to 80% of deaths in people with diabetes. Diabetes has become one of the major causes of premature illnesses and death in most of the countries mainly due to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
- 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low and middle income countries. In developed countries most of the diabetics are above the age of retirement whereas in developing countries most of the people affected with diabetes is between the age of 35 to 64 years.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness, amputation and kidney failure. Lack of awareness along with insufficient access to health care services and medicines can lead to these complications.
- Type II Diabetes can be prevented. The main causes of Diabetes in Indians are sedentary lifestyle, insulin resistance, lack of physical activity and Central obesity. 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise per week, maintaining healthy weight and healthy diet can markedly reduce the risk of Type II Diabetes. Type I diabetes cannot be prevented.