The main and commonest symptom of Diabetes Mellitus is ‘NO SYMPTOM’. Yes, unfortunately in Diabetes Mellitus there is no marked symptom observed in maximum cases. Every individual may show different symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus. The symptoms of untreated Diabetes Mellitus are related to elevated blood glucose levels, and loss of glucose in urine.
People with type 1 diabetes mellitus usually develop symptoms over a relatively short period of time. Symptoms in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus usually develop gradually and are often not as noticeable as in type 1. Thus, they go unrecognized leading to severe complications.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus can be diagnosed by chance through routine medical check-ups. Symptoms vary from person to person, but here are some very common symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus:
- Increased Urination (Polyuria) :
The body is trying to get rid itself of dangerous levels of glucose in the blood by excreting it in the urine.
- Increased Appetite (Polyphagia) :
The body cells are not getting enough nutrients and glucose, the glucose is been passed into the urine. As a result of this one feels hungry very often.
- Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia):
As the glucose leaves the kidneys it takes with it water, this results in dehydration and contributes to weight loss.
- Visible Wight Loss:
Fluids are being lost in the urine, and the body in an effort to get energy converts fat into fatty acids for energy purpose. This results in weight loss.
- Blurred Vision :
When the glucose is high in the blood for a long period of time, some is taken in to the lens in the eye and thus distorts the vision. This is a temporary change and sight will improve when glucose levels return to normal.
- Recurrent Skin Infections:
Having continuous high levels of glucose in the blood provides a rich environment for the bacteria to grow.
As the body cells are not getting enough nutrients and glucose, energy is not produce. Thus, the person suffers from fatigue.
- Vaginal Infection:
This is very commonly seen in females with high blood glucose levels.
- Infections of the foreskin in men are common.
- Slow Healing:
This is a classic symptom of Diabetes Mellitus. Slow healing of wounds, sores are result of large amounts of glucose in the blood. The increased glucose levels reduce the blood circulation to the wounds for healing.
- Tingling hands and feet:
The untreated blood glucose level in the blood damages the nerves and blood vessels. This leads to loss of sensation in the hands and feet. Also some suffer from burning pain in arms, feet, hands, legs due to loss of motor nerve fibre.
As all these symptoms may or may not be present in every individual, it becomes very much important to get yourself screened for Diabetes Mellitus every year. Screening gives an idea of your own health status which can be treated at the correct time if needed.
All the best!!