Rain diseases- How to protect yourself this season

The arrival of the monsoon brings many rain diseases along with it. The contaminated water sources and the changing weather are the main factors responsible for it. To make the monsoon safe and sound we will have to some precautions.

Diseases that occur more frequently during the rainy season include…

Diseases spread through contaminated food and water:

Contamination of food and water causes gastrointestinal diseases like amebiasis, salmonellosis shigellosis, cholera, diarrhea, hepatitis A and typhoid fever etc. Experts pointed out certain ways to avoid these rain diseases.

  1. Drink only bottled or filtered water, well boiled
  2. Wash and cook food thoroughly before swallowing
  3. Avoid washing your clothes or dishes with contaminated water
  4. Maintain a balanced diet, eat lots of fruits and vegetables, especially those containing Vit C.
  5. Wash your hands constantly.
  6. Disinfect toys and objects that have been in contact with contaminated water.
  7. We should keep food away from insects and rats by covering it.
  8. Proper wash and cooking of food and use toilet proper

    Prevent yourself from diseases this rainy season

    ly and clean it regularly can help to minimise the problem.

  9. The single most important thing is to wash hands with soap and clean water after using the toilet and before eating,

Respiratory:

Breathing problem is one of the common rain diseases and it tends to increase due to frequent wet, damp and cold.  Influenza is very common during this season. Because this is the period where the climate changes from hot and humid to cold and rainy, people who get caught in heavy rains can catch the disease. Once a person catches influenza, he could easily infect others through coughing, talking and sneezing. So to prevent from spreading the flu,

  1. A  sick person should cover his/her mouth and nose when sneezing and coughing.
  2. To avoid getting influenza, we must stay away from crowded places or distance ourselves from people who are coughing or we suspect to be sick with influenza

The pictures of bronchitis and pneumonia are also common at this time.

Diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and other insects:

The most common among the band of rain diseases this season is dengue, which becomes fatal many cases leading to an early death. To win the battle against dengue,  people should

  1. Drain away stagnant water around the homes, search and destroy possible breeding grounds of dengue-carrying mosquitoes like old tires, broken vases, and bottle caps;
  2. Wear long sleeve shirts and pants for self-protection
  3. Consult with the health professionals for fever that is already two days or more and associated with rash, severe body ache, eye ache, and joint pain.
  4. Make sure both the patio and the roof of your house are clean and not collect water. Try spraying and kept clean and tidy the house.
  5. Remove all puddles from forming, to prevent mosquito breeding.
  6. Place mosquito nets on doors and windows.

Dermatitis or skin infections:

Our skin is prone to infections in this weather. Candida, a fungus, is always present on the skin. If exposed to water continuously, it will multiply and cause fungal infections.

We can get an infection in areas that are difficult to keep dry, such as between your toes, groin area, folds in the abdominal area and below or between the breasts. Excessive sweating during the rain due to the humidity can also cause fungal infections.

Rain diseases- How to protect yourself this season

Enjoy the rainy season but keep an umbrella handy

Keeping dry is the foremost step in preventing any sort of fungal infection.

Again, constant drenching in the rain gives way to the possibility of falling prey to a number of scalp problems. Therefore, our hair needs particular attention in the rainy seasons so proper protection is very essential at this time.

The exposure to the rainwater causes damage not only to the hair but also to the scalp and thus causing damage to the hair root. Thus, it gives rise to a lot of problems. The consequent warm, humid condition of the atmosphere gives rise to the growth of bacteria and fungi on the scalp. This may cause infection on the scalp, which causes painful pus-filled boils on the scalp and also causes several itchy, flaking patches of fungal infection, and the ultimate result is hair loss in the affected area. Not only that, the dandruff problems become more in this season, as the fungal infection flourishes the growth of dandruff problem. And not to mention the itching and irritation are at its height in the monsoons.

First of all to prevent the above problems it is very much necessary to have frequent shampooing and keep the hair dry as much possible. If your hair is exposed to the rain every day, you may even wash your hair every day with a mild shampoo. Keeping the hair clean is far more important. But when you are facing problems with your hair, or you have already got fungal infections then it is recommended to consult a dermatologist immediately for a better suggestion in this respect.

  1. You should avoid brushing or tying up your hair when wet, as the hair tends to break very easily when wet.
  2. Use a dry towel to soak the water from your hair.
  3. Let the hair dry completely and then comb it with a wide-toothed comb, and avoid brushing it.

Allergic conditions:

Such as rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, conjunctivitis, and bronchial asthma, which affects mainly infants.

Besides this,

• Get plenty of rest and protect yourself from the cold and rain. Exit warm, use umbrellas, change wet clothing immediately.
• Try to keep skin dry and prevent children from being all the time in contact with water.
• Avoid self-medication or home remedies.
• See your doctor at the first signs to give you an accurate diagnosis.
• If you are sick to rest, avoid contact with sick people.

By Dr.Ravindra L Kulkarni – Consultant cardiologist and founder of Just For Hearts