“I got detected with diabetes but now after treatment it is cured” this was the answer given by one of my client when I asked him abou this health history. Surprised to see this right? But yes his blood sugar levels found to be on higher side but not that substantially high to called as Type II Diabetes. This Condition is called as Prediabetes a Grey line area between normal and diabetic individuals. Only Exercise, regular blood glucose monitoring and Prediabetic diet helps you in maintaining this stage.
So immediately he asked me, “What is Prediabetes”?
Prediabetes is an intermediate stage between diabetics and Non diabetics. In this stage your blood sugar levels are on higher side than the normal levels but not high enough to confirm type II diabetes. However progression of prediabetes to type II Diabetes is foreseeable but still we can manage this step very well with proper Lifestyle Modification.
How can I identify that I fall in this grey area? What are the indicators which confirms prediabetes? To answer this question there are different levels given by National Diabetes Federation for assessment of diabetes status. Here is a chart for your help
Blood Levels For Diabetes and Prediabetes
|Blood Tests||Fasting BSL||Post Prandial BSL||HbA1C|
|Diabetes||126 or above||200 or above||6.5 or above|
|Prediabetes||100 – 125||140 – 199||5.7 – 6.4|
|Normal||99 or below||139 or below||About 5|
Have you all assessed yourself with the help of this table? Now lets see who all are at risk of diabetes & prediabetes too.
- If you age is above 45 years then every yearly you should monitor prediabetes.
- Family history of Diabetes
- Abnormal weight or those who are overweight or Obese
- History of high Blood pressure
- Abnormal blood lipid parameters
- History of gestational Diabetes
Till now we had discussed about condition but managing prediabetes is also very important as careless attitude can progress to Type II Diabetes. Prediabetes is very simple to manage just 4 things you need to follow.
- Maintain Ideal Body Weight: If you are overweight or your BMI is 25 or more than your risk increases with every unit increase in BMI. So maintaining weight closer to your ideal weight helps you to manage your prediabetes.
- Follow a proper balanced diet: Your dietitian can assist you in achieving your health targets by customizing diet plan according to your requirements. But taking small frequent meals rich in fibers is of utmost important. Include fiber rich sources like whole fruits, salads, vegetables, whole grains and cereals etc. and avoid fatty food consumption.
- Exercise regularly: Regular aerobic exercise of30 to 45 minutes helps you to control your weight and manage your sugars.
- Monitor your Sugar profile : Frequent check-ups as advised by your doctor are essential to monitor your status closely and to prevent any complications due to sudden rise.
Manage your Prediabetes By Following Lifestyle Assessment & Management Plan