Hepatitis (swelling of the liver) is commonly used to refer viral infection of the liver. Mostly it occurs due to infection from viruses like A, B or C, bacteria and parasites, excessive intake of alcohol, overdose of some medications. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, dark or pale colored urine, fatigue, fever-usually low grade, loss of appetite, jaundice, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss.
Severity depends upon cause of liver damage. Hepatitis A is usually short term and does not lead to chronic liver problem. And many people with hepatitis B, C do not have symptoms when they are first infected. They can still develop liver failure later in life.
It is an inflammation or swelling of liver from the hepatitis A virus. It is mostly found in stools and blood of an infected person about 15-45 days before symptoms occur. You may get it if you eat or drink any water or food which is contaminated by stools containing hepatitis A, or you come in contact with stool and blood of an infected person, or oral-anal sexual contact. This type is self limiting and there is no specific treatment
Hepatitis B and C:
Hepatitis B is an inflammation of liver due to infection from hepatitis B virus HBV). Hepatitis c is caused due to infection from hepatitis C virus (HCV). Both can be spread through having contact with semen, vaginal fluid, blood or other body fluid of person who already has hepatitis B or C infection. Infection may spread through blood transfusion, sexual contact with infected person, using shared needles, use of unclean instruments for tattoo, sharing personal items like toothbrushes with infected person. These viruses can also be transferred to infant if the mother is infected. Most people who were recently infected with hepatitis B, C do not have symptoms. This acute hepatitis B, C may lead to chronic hepatitis. And neglected viral hepatitis may lead to cirrhosis of the liver. Cirrhosis is the end result of chronic liver damage caused by chronic liver diseases.
The best treatment for it is careful monitoring of liver, maintaining hygiene, plenty of bed rest, fluid consumption and balanced healthy diet. Liver transplantation is used to treat severe chronic hepatitis liver diseases
To avoid all these viral hepatitis the best way to choose is prevention. Preventing these diseases will definitely help to stay you and your community away from viral hepatitis.
Prevention of Hepatitis A, B and C virus:
- Always wash your hands thoroughly after using the washroom, before and after each diaper change, before serving or eating any food.
- Wash your hands when you come in contact with person who is infected with hepatitis A, B or C virus.
- Avoid having unclean food and water.
- Do not buy food from street vendors.
- Drink boiled water only.
- Avoid sharing personal items.
- Avoid sexual contact with person who is infected.
- Use condom and have safe sex.
- Do not share any needle, drug or drug equipment.
- Be careful while getting tattoos or piercing.
- Get vaccinated against hepatitis A, B if you are recently been exposed to these viruses.
- All children should receive their first dose of hepatitis B vaccine at birth and complete series of 3 shots at age of 6 months.