Soya bean is a plant food also known as “the king of beans”. Soybean is the only vegetable food that contains all eight essential amino acids. Soya beans are processed to various soya products namely soy flour, soy milk, cottage cheese like tofu, fermented products like tempeh and miso. Soybean oil is used as vegetable oil in cooking and processed food. Using the different products of soybean has different benefits.
- Rich source of protein: Soybeans when compared with other plants, is relatively high in protein. The protein
quality rating of soya bean is equal to the ratings for egg or cow’s milk. Some unique peptides are found in soy protein like defensins, glycinins, conglycinins and lunasin, and all are now known to provide us with health benefits, including benefits in the areas of improved blood pressure regulation, better control of blood sugar levels, and improved immune function. Soybean is helpful in menopause for females.
- Contains essential heart friendly omega-3 fats: The soy oil contains omega 3 fatty acids that are similar to the ones found in some algae and oily fish and it can prevent blood clotting. The soy products are beneficial for the ones suffering of heart disease and high levels of cholesterol. Eating soybean can not only supplement protein, but can also avoid the rising of cholesterol caused by eating meat.
- Important source of minerals: Soybean contains much more iron and zinc than other food. As a result, it is important in the prevention of deafness for elderly people. Soybean can also lower risk of prostate, colon and breast cancers, even osteoporosis and other bone health problem.
- Source of isoflavones and antioxidants: Genistein is a soy component that has antioxidant properties. Another group of antioxidant phytonutrients called phenolic acids is also present in soybeans. This antioxidant-rich legume also benefit us from its phenolic acids, including caffeic, coumaric, ferulic, and sinapic acid.
- Helpful in obesity: Increased protein is associated with suppression of appetite, and soya bean being a concentrated source of protein has the ability to help suppress appetite. This property of soya bean helps to a great extent in weight loss. Being one of the good source of fiber is also the reason it is considered in weight management diet.
- Helps improve bone health: 40 grams of soya protein a day for six months and longer is helpful in reducing bone loss and increasing the bone mineral content and density of the lumbar spine. Regular intake of soya bean or other soy products keep the bones healthy.
- Source of Phytic acid: Soybeans contain a high level of phytic acid, which has many effects including acting as an antioxidant and a chelating agent. The beneficial claims for phytic acid include reducing cancer, minimizing diabetes, and reducing inflammation.
Have you ever tried making soybean pancake? T his delicious preparation may improve taste of your food.