The most important aspect of this article is to represent a clear idea on the most common confusion – hypothyroidism vs hyperthyroidism. Both the words sound similar but there are obvious differences. Before delving deeper into the matter let us shed some light on “What exactly is thyroid?” Thyroid is one of the largest and most important endocrine glands within the human body. Located in the throat region at approximately shoulder level it is shaped like ‘a butterfly with it’s wings spread’. It controls or affects how our body uses energy and the body’s sensitivity to certain hormones. It also makes proteins and affects growth.
Hypothyroidism vs Hyperthyroidism:
Hyperthyroidism is the medical term which means a higher level of Thyroid flow within the body and is often termed as overactive thyroid. It is noted that this condition generally happens when the thyroid gland starts producing too much hormones at once. The thyroid hormones are known to affect with the respiration, digestion and multiple other vital activities within the body and hence the slightest of imbalance in the hormone can seriously disrupt the internal balance of the body. People with hyperthyroidism can hardly fall asleep and wake up suddenly. Weight loss is another sign of hyperthyroidism. Graves’ disease is one of the diseases which is caused due to overactive thyroid.
Now hypothyroidism means your thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones as required for your body to function properly. Such conditions are often termed as underactive thyroid or low thyroid secretion symptoms. The symptom of this disease is a lower energy level and tends to be sluggish and exhausted. Other symptoms include reduced intellectual ability in a person, tremendous depression, hoarseness in voice, dried skin and loss of hair, troubles of constipation, swellings around the eyes and a reduction in tolerance for cold temperatures. It has also been noticed that people with troubles of hypothyroidism are also likely to gain weight easily; this despite the fact that hypothyroidism reduces appetite. This problem is widely encountered and prevalent in females than in males and specifically females over the age of 30 are most affected. The family history plays a vital role in the determination of various disorders related to the thyroid gland. It is more likely for daughters and children of an affected mother, to be suffering from similar disorders.
It is generally said that the effects of hyperthyroidism are harder to diagnose over those of hypothyroidism. The initial conditions manifest slowly and weight loss can happen rigorously within a few months, during which period the gland can already produce a lot of damages. In hypothyroidism the affected gains weight quite rapidly within the span of a month and is easier to be noticed. Endocrinologists are also known to refer to thyroid tests for those people who gained a lot of weight suddenly.
On the whole the conclusion drawn out from ‘hypothyroidism vs hyperthyroidism’ is whenever anyone faces specific type of symptoms , immediately consult with doctor so that it can be diagnose as soon as possible and proper treatment should be provided without any delay because “Health is Wealth”!
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