Heat stroke also known as Sunstroke is an illness related to the rising temperature. Severe heat can play havoc with the cooling mechanism of the body and its hydration.
In the sweltering heat if the body temperature rises without sweating or if one has throbbing headaches, feels disoriented, suffers dehydration and looses consciousness one is absolutely suffering from heat exhaustion which, if not treated in time may lead to a heat stroke which can prove fatal.
Prevention of a heat stroke would be a great idea by keeping our bodies hydrated, taking frequent breaks from the heat in the shade, avoiding smokes, caffeine and alcohol, wearing light coloured and loose cloths to name a few. But if unfortunately one does fall victim to a heat stroke and if medical help is not at hand immediately, a few first aid techniques can help.
- When one suffers a heat stroke, the first move is to move the person to a cool and shady place.
- The next move is to wet the person’s skin with a wet cloth or if available pour water to bring the body temperature down.
- It is very important to apply ice pack or may be chilled bottle of water or cold drink to the areas abundant in blood vessels – neck, back, armpits and groin. This will bring down the body temperature.
- The last resort is to make the person stand under a shower or if available a bath tub full of cold water or ice.
All these steps will bring the body temperature down.
- Give the person ample of fluids to drink.
- You may prefer plain water, coconut water, lime water, buttermilk, fresh unsweetened fruit juices etc.
- Do not choose sweetened or packaged fruit juices or cold-drinks (aerated beverages).
After all these measures if a person recovers, that is not to mean that medical attention is not needed. An initial quick recovery may not be an assurance of “all is well”.