Hippocrates was one of the first warn of the dangers of obesity when he wrote,
“ It is veryinjurious to health to take in more food than the constitution will bear, when, at the same time one uses no exercise to carry off this excess.”
In modern times, the continued rise in obesity prevalence occurring throughout the world threatens to reverse gains made in prolonging life expectancy & reducing the morbidity from coronary disease & other chronic health problems.
Health Hazards associated with Obesity:
- Type II diabetes, pre diabetes ( Impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glucose)
- Dyslipidemia (High Cholesterol).
- Metabolic syndrome
- Cardiovascular disease: Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, Heart failure, arterial fibrillation.
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
- Respiratory Disease: Sleep apnea, obesity-hypoventilation syndrome, restrictive lung disease.
- Cancers- particularly gastro intestinal & reproductive
- Gastrointestinal reflux disease
- Venous stasis
- Frequent infection, including cellulitis & intertrigo.
- Urinary incontinence
- Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
- Psychological : Psychiatric disease ( With severe obesity), reduced employment, increased absenteeism, limited mobility, discrimination, reduced quality of life.