Sleep apnea occurs when a person does not breathe comfortably during sleep and so that his sleep gets disrupted. This serious sleep disorder sometimes may happen as the brain and the other parts of the body do not get enough oxygen. People suffer from two types of sleep apnea, such as Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Central sleep apnea.
OSA is more common which is caused by the blockage of the airway and in this condition the soft tissue in the back of the throat creases during sleep.
Central sleep apnea is somehow different from OSA. In this type of problem, the airways do not get blocked; rather the brain fails to send signals to the muscles to breathe. It happens because of the instability in the respiratory control centre.
Who are at Risk for Sleep Apnea?
There is not any specific age in which sleep apnea can affect anybody. You may have this problem at any age and even children may suffer from it.
Risk factors associated with Sleep Apnea
If you leave sleep apnea untreated, you will be susceptible to health problems like
High blood pressure
Heart failure, heart attacks and irregular heart beats
Worsening of ADHD
Additionally, sleep apnea results poor performance in regular activities, like at work and school, motor vehicle accidents, and children and adolescents become unsuccessful in academic activities.
Can you die if you have sleep apnea?
Yes, one can die of sleep apnea as it triggers different life-threatening conditions. When you breathe properly, your body gets enough oxygen through the lungs and it is 100 percent during sleeping. Enough oxygen flow through lungs gives you good night sleep. But in the absence of it, one can have sudden cardiac arrest and sometimes death also happens.
If you leave it untreated, you suppose to suffer from:
- heart attack or stroke and these conditions will be more serious
- high blood pressure or type 2 diabetes
- Unstable activities may cause a deadly vehicle accident.
Some researches show that as sleep apnea leads to serious health problems and unstable behavior, people with this condition may have increased risk of premature death.
By writing this article, we are not making you scare rather aware of the serious conditions associated with it and you can opt for treatment at an earlier stage of it.