All About Monsoon Health
During monsoon, the first thing comes to our mind is “Ek garam chai ke pyali ho” and the hot pakoras of the Tapries.
We all are ready to welcome our favorite season after the stressful summer’s heat, but with many good things the monsoon comes with a lot of health risks such as Malaria, Diarrhoea, Dengue, Typhoid, Viral fevers, Cholera, Leptospirosis, jaundice and stomach infections, and Monsoon is the season when we have maximum chances of getting infections.
Malaria: Caused by female anopheles mosquitoes they breed in waterlogged areas. Avoid keeping stored water at home.
Diarrhoea, Cholera, jaundice: contaminated water or food and poor sanitation are some of the causes
Dengue: It is caused by mosquito bite
Typhoid: It is a waterborne disease caused by bacteria Salmonella typhi which spreads through contaminated food or water and poor sanitation
Leptospirosis: Unhygienic water is the main reason behind this disease.
Below are some guidelines to avoid monsoon health problems.
How to avoid common cough & cold
- While moving out of the house make sure you carry your raincoats or umbrella, so try to avoid getting wet, and always carry an extra pair of clothes.
- Try wearing clean, dry clothes and also footwear suitable for the rainy season.
- Keep your feet clean and dry to avoid infections and specifically diabetic people should take some extra care.
- Avoid drinking cold water
What should you do at home?
- Avoid keeping stored water at home like in water coolers, refrigerators, decorative pots with water which makes easier for mosquitoes to bread and hence can spread diseases like stomach infections, dengue malaria typhoid, etc
- Clean your house with disinfectants to avoid germs
- Wash/Sanitize your hands properly before eating
- Use a powerful insect repellent to stay away from mosquitoes
Drink purified water
As discussed above water-borne diseases are at a higher rate. To avoid such diseases one must drink boiled or purified water. If you don’t have purifier at home can use alum to purify water
Choose healthy foods
As our digestive system becomes week in rainy season so its always better to eat right. Here are some tips to check monsoon health problems.
- Prefer hot and fresh foods
- Prefer herbal tea made using ginger, Tulsi, lemongrass, clove, cinnamon, etc which will refresh your system as well as hydrate you
- Hot soups which will help you get vitamins and minerals and also keep you away from cough and cold
- A glass of hot turmeric milk is also a good option at bedtime
- Try to avoid street foods which may upset your stomach and cause infections
- Can have steamed salad rather than raw
- Try to avoid seafoods as the rainy season is the breeding period of fishes and you are likely to get frozen fish due to unavailability of fresh fishes
- Be careful while buying vegetables especially green leafy vegetables as the dampness, mud, and dirt present in the leaves makes it susceptible to infections
Don’t go lazy at exercise
Most of us exercise at gyms or go out for running, jogging & cycling but in monsoon, it becomes difficult to follow this fitness regimen.
There are various options we can opt for like
- floor exercises
- Yoga ( Surya namaskars)
The climate should not be a barrier to take care of yourself
“When it comes to eating right and exercising, there is no ‘I’ll start tomorrow.’ Tomorrow is disease”
Author: Neha Gurav
M.Sc, Clinical Nutritionist,
Research Co-ordinator, Pune
Educating and interacting with people and help them achieve their nutritional and lifestyle goals is her core interest.