The 21st century was predicted by our predecessors to be filled with technological advances and medical breakthroughs. As we look back on the first decade of this century, we can honestly say that we haven’t disappointed. The advances in medical technology and practices have already revolutionized the world around us. Now, as we work our way into the next decade, it’s a good time to contemplate the advances that are bringing us beyond our wildest dreams.
Face Transplant Surgery
Plastic surgery has been around for a long time, but there are just some instances where it can’t help. Some injuries to the face are so tragic that there really wasn’t much anyone could do. However, in the mid 2000’s the first ever face transplant occurred, opening new doors for reconstructive surgeons.
“Drug Cocktail” Helps with AIDS
In years past, most people considered HIV and AIDS to be a death sentence. The average life expectancy afterwards was roughly 3-5 years. It was a terrible prognosis. Today, due to the mixing of a few choice medicines, individuals can expect to live to be up to 70 years old. Scientists are excited by this progress and are looking forward to manufacturing a cure.
Nanotechnology has been on the minds of most futurists and theorists since discovering that we can alter the subatomic world. However, very few breakthroughs have occurred in the science. Until 2005 that is. This was the year that a public initiative came about to study the benefits of nanotechnology in medicine. Its possible uses have been as varied from viruses to cancer.
Vaccine against the Human Papillomavirus
HPV, the Human Papillomavirus, has been causing issues for some time now. It’s typically a sexually transmitted virus and has been linked to cervical cancer in women and penile cancer in men. In 2003, a drug was made to combat the issue in women. This is the first vaccine to combat a form of cancer. In 2009, a version for men was created to help with the spread of the disease and the male complications from it.
The human Genome Project
Few things are as tantalizing as the results of the Human Genome Project. Started in the 1990’s, the project was officially declared complete in April of 2003. Scientists completely mapped over 20,000 genes of the human genome. This advancement has completely revolutionized our understanding of human genetics and promises a new revolution in medicine, pharmaceuticals, and technology.
Annette Hazard is a freelance writer that is promoting http://www.microscope.com/compound-microscopes/. She writes on a variety of topics, but enjoys writing about education.